Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Role of Merger and Acquisition

Question: Compose an exposition on Role of Merger and Acquisition in Singapore. Answer: Presentation The reason for this exposition paper is to uncover the greatest advertising updates on 2015 in Singapore. As indicated by the statistical surveying, it has been resolved that the merger and securing has gotten one of the most critical approaches to improve the state of the organization (PwC, 2016). In the serious universe of business, there are numerous worldwide organizations doing same business, merger or obtaining causes the organization to decrease the quantity of contenders and increment the administration quality. In the financial plan of Singapore 2010, mergers and acquisitions (MA) plans are acquainted with improve the administration quality, client steadfastness in Singapore so the associations can ready to build the ability of the business through these two procedures. The mergers and acquisitions plans are re-presented in 2015 and 2016 once more. Primary Body of Analysis: Job of Merger and Acquisition in Singapore: The estimation of Merger and Acquisition has multiplied in 2015, from the most confided in channel of Asia, it tends to be comprehended that mergers and Acquisitions help Singapore to bounce up to US$101.2 from US$50.7 billion. In a range of only 1 year, the worth has multiplied. It is one of the fruitful consolidating so far in the realm of economy (Garg, 2013). Prior to diving deep into the examination, it is important to comprehend the job of Merger and Acquisition in the development of the association. Other than obtaining, mergers can be occurred in different structures, for example, buying of benefits, trade of offer with resources, buy basic offer and trade share for shares (, 2016). There is Merger Efficiency hypothesis, which is delineating the job of Mergers and Acquisitions. With the assistance of these speculations, Merger and Acquisitions can be comprehended. There are a few speculations on this like Differential Efficiency Theory Wasteful Management Theory Cooperative energy (Channel News Asia, 2016) Unadulterated Diversification Key realignment for Changing Environment and Undervaluation Among the few different speculations, two driving hypotheses are Disciplinary and Synergistic Merger Motives. Strage, (2010) expressed that Disciplinary mergers hypothesis is recommending that MA target such directors of firms, whose theme is plainly determined by the goals not by the benefit amplification (Strage, 2010). From the statistical surveying,, (2016) delineated that mergers in Singapore are presented by some particular destinations like here supervisors don't just concentrate on benefit amplification yet in addition focus on the benefit boost. Then again, Ahmad (2015) opined that Synergistic Merger Theory is inverse, in which firm troughs are attempting to accomplish the presentation by consolidating the business with target. From the above outline, the critical MA can be extricated. Effect of the takeover available of Singapore This takeover has noteworthy effect on the development of the whole country. The positive effects of the merger and securing of the organizations on the investor will be portrayed. Quality: Service nature of Singapore carrier industry can be improved through this fruitful takeover. Obtaining assists with improving the administration characteristics well as the profitability of the association (Reed and Lajoux, 2011). With the fruitful takeover, the association can ready to improve the presentation of the association. Indeed, even the overseeing group of Singapore is indicating enthusiasm for this obtaining procedure. Cost: At the hour of procurement, parent organization or Giant Company needs to pay a whole of cash and later this takeover assists with lessening the expense of the organization identified with administration (PwC, 2016). Because of the amalgamation, the organization can diminish the operational expense of the organization and later this expense can be executed in the government assistance of the travel industry. With the assistance of the takeover, the administration of the association can ready to offer better quality support to end clients in low value (McManus and Hergert, 2012). Clients: Service clients are the prime partner of each association. Organizations should pass judgment on the buying conduct of the clients and request of the clients. In light of the two variables, clients administration can be apportioned to the clients. This takeover empowers the clients to profit better assistance in low value (, 2016). Frequently it is seen that the clients are grumbling about the short takes however now with the joining of short take circumstance can be settled. They will get best assistance from that goliath organization. Contenders: Competitors are another noteworthy part of each organization. This securing encourages the clients of the association to benefit better help without spending a lot. It is a presenting danger for other aircraft industry of same and various nations (Scribd, 2016). The carrier business is brimming with contenders however because of this procurement, in any event one contender is dispensed with. Obtaining may permit different contenders to organize with the cost increments. Negative Impacts of this takeover Aside from the positive factors, this takeover accompanies a few negative perspectives moreover. Move of intensity can be the serious issue in future (Maji, 2013). Little organizations can ready to take own choice yet at the same time the force shifts starting with one hand then onto the next and this can influence the hierarchical structure. Authoritative structure and culture can likewise be influenced because of this. The organization, which has blended requirements to get critical changes culture and structure of the association; else, it is inconceivable for the association to support their position (Singapore Business Review, 2016). Representatives are the key partner of the organization and takeover can influence their exhibition. This expansion the inclination of exchanging organizations, the executives ought to give them preparing to hold them in the association. Investor is the significant issue of the organization, because of takeover, regularly it is seen that investor looses all their confidence on the organization (PwC, 2016). At that point, combining amazing organizations have taken over less ground-breaking organizations so the representatives or investor may accept that the monetary situation of the less incredible organization isn't all around ok so they attempt to look through new organizations (Bessembinder and Zhang, 2014). Then again, securing may have negative effect on the administration level. Securing can be very confounding regarding lost relationship with the current esteemed clients, transmission of deals positions and commission rate (Garg, 2013). Proposal From the investigation of the paper, it very well may be resolved that the consolidating and procurement has huge effect on the development of the market as it assists with expanding the development of whole industry. Alongside that the whole investor are profited because of this choice. On the off chance that it decided from the showcasing viewpoint, it has been seen that it is the best choice in the Singapore up until this point. This takeover assists with improving the economy of the nation. End From the above conversation, it tends to be inferred that Mergers and Acquisitions are the significant benefit for each organization just as for country. With the effective takeover of the little organizations by enormous organizations has noteworthy effect on the development of the Singapore Business. With this effective development, the overseeing collection of Singapore can ready to expand their GDP (Ahmad, 2015). To maintain the business tasks easily, it is fundamental for the administration of the association to follow the assets and exercises of the association and afterward apply the techniques in the hierarchical procedure (, 2016). The extent of the advertising is relying upon the size and enormous organization is consistently at the beneficial situation as far as Mergers and Acquisitions, so the promoting trough should take the choices adequately. References Ahmad, A. (2015). Corporate Governance in Banks Undergoing Merger and Acquisition. SSRN Electronic Journal. Bessembinder, H. what's more, Zhang, F. (2014). Eruption to Merger and Acquisition Announcements. SSRN Electronic Journal. Channel NewsAsia. (2016). Mama bargains in Singapore practically twofold in 2015. [online] Available at: in-singapore/2335556.html [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. Garg, S. (2013). Merger and procurement ppt. [online] Accessible at: ppt [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]., A. (2016). Mergers and acquisitions in Singapore | ACCA Global. [online] Accessible at: business/bits of knowledge/mama singapore.html [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. (2016). Mergers and Acquisitions Allowance - IRAS. [online] Available at:[Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. Maji, M. (2013). Merger and Acquisition in Information Technology Sector. SSRN Electronic Journal. McManus, M. what's more, Hergert, M. (2012). Enduring merger and securing. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman. PwC. (2016). Empowering development and internationalization. [online] Available at: plan 2015/bc01-03.html [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. PwC. (2016). Mergers and Acquisitions. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. Reed, S. what's more, Lajoux, A. (2011). The craft of M A. New York: McGraw-Hill. Scribd. (2016). Hypotheses of Mergers. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. Singapore Business Review. (2016). Year in audit: Here are the ten greatest mergers and acquisitions in Singapore for 2014. [online] Available at: property/in-center/year-in-audit here-are-ten-greatest mergers-and-acquisitions

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Programming Independence Essentially Protects The Auditor S Ability Accounting Essay

Programming Independence Essentially Protects The Auditor S Ability Accounting Essay Programming freedom basically secures the reviewers capacity to choose the most suitable system when directing a review. Reviewers must be reasonable for approach a bit of work in whatever way they think about best. As a customer organization develops and leads new exercises, the reviewers approach will probably need to adjust to represent these. What's more, the evaluating calling is a powerful one, with new procedures continually being created and updated which the evaluator may choose to utilize. While insightful freedom ensures the evaluators capacity to actualize the methodologies in whatever way they think about essential. Fundamentally, inspectors must have boundless access to all organization data. Any inquiries with respect to a companys business and bookkeeping treatment must be replied by the organization. The assortment of review proof is a basic procedure, and can't be limited in any capacity by the customer organization. Detailing freedom ensures the reviewers capacity to decide to uncover to the open any data they accept ought to be revealed. In the event that organization chiefs have been misdirecting investors by distorting bookkeeping data, they will endeavor to keep the inspectors from detailing this. It is in circumstances like this when evaluator autonomy is destined to be undermined. Autonomy is crucial to the unwavering quality of examiners reports. Those reports would not be valid, financial specialists and leasers would have certainty with them, if inspectors were not autonomous in both truth and appearance. To be trustworthy, a reviewers supposition must be founded on a goal and unbiased appraisal of whether the budget summaries are given decently in similarity sound accounting guidelines. Then again, Frank guaranteed that Auditor freedom assists with guaranteeing quality reviews and adds to budget summary clients dependence on the monetary detailing process. An evaluator who is free in truth can settle on autonomous review choices regardless of whether there is an apparent absence of autonomy or if the inspector is put in a conceivably trading off position.(2007) Nonetheless, in any event, when the reviewer is in reality autonomous, at least one variables may lead general society to accept the examiner doesn't seem autonomous. This may make clients of budget reports accept they can't depend on money related data. At mean time, reviewer should take obligations regarding recognizing material blunders and material misrepresentation. Since in Xerox, they are many bookkeeping controls can without much of a stretch reason misrepresentation, the review should discover those extortion, recognized and announced those extortion hazard. Q6: The principal faulty bookkeeping control is speeding up of rent income acknowledgment from packaged leases. This control will influence incomes account, since Xerox quickened the rent income acknowledgment by apportioning a higher bit of the rent installment to the hardware rather than the administration or financing action. By reallocating incomes from the account and administration action to the gear, Xerox had the option to perceive more prominent incomes in the present revealing time frame as opposed to conceding income perceive to future periods. There are two examiner systems can suit for this condition. First is utilize inner system, recalculation: checking the scientific precision of archives or records. Second it outer strategy, affirmation: the way toward getting a portrayal from an outsider. For sketchy quickened of rent income from rent cost increment augmentations, increment in the lingering estimations of rented hardware and increasing speed of incomes from portfolio resource technique exchanges. Each one of those three control will build income record and pay articulation. Since in transient it will prompt increment switch, however it penance the drawn out benefit. To secure organization long haul benefit, reviewer should perception all the procedures and method the performed. Then again inspector should re-execution, it implies the evaluators autonomy execution of methods recently performed by substance staff. For faulty control of stores. This control will influence value account. Since Xerox set up a securing save for obscure business hazard and random business to the hold record to expand acquiring. It implies Xerox put cash in value record to forestall potential hazard, however it disconnected to costs. It simple causes extortion. Reviewer can utilize perception methodology, to taking a gander at procedures and techniques being performed or use request strategy, to looking for data from learned people. For faulty control of other pay. This control will influence cost and costs account. Since Xerox choose to perceive the majority of the intrigue pay during period years. The expense and costs record will lessen in period years, and interim make that years report look better. To suitability of this training, review should utilize logical system. Contrast the date and comparative earlier period date, to keep the report equity. For faulty inability to reveal figuring exchanges. This control will influence incomes record and resource account. From material, we can realize Xerox offered future money from receivable record to neighborhood banks for sure fire money. It caused Xerox to have a solid money position in the current year, similar to the incomes record will increment, then again offered receivables to bank must take some lost. The advantage account must diminish. It additionally simple cost misrepresentation. Reviews can utilize assessment of substantial resources and systematic methodology. Review of unmistakable resources can discover the all out resource increment or diminishing. Xerox organization inability to uncover considering exchange should record in yearly report, so utilize explanatory method will unveil this issue. REF: Arens.,Best., Shailer.,Fiedler.,Elder.,Beasley. (2010). Basics of Auditing, Assurance Services Ethics in Australia. Chris Richardson Plain D. (2007). CPAs Views on Auditor Independence. Society of Certified Public Accountants

Friday, August 21, 2020

How Sigmund Freud Viewed Women

How Sigmund Freud Viewed Women History and Biographies Print Freuds Perspective on Women By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on June 30, 2019 Imagno / Getty Images More in Psychology History and Biographies Psychotherapy Basics Student Resources Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming In This Article Table of Contents Expand Penis Envy How Methods Emerged Women in Freud’s Life Women in Psychoanalysis Opposing Viewpoints Understanding Freud Today View All Back To Top Sigmund Freud’s views on women stirred controversy during his own lifetime and continue to evoke considerable debate today. Women oppose change, receive passively, and add nothing of their own, he wrote in a 1925 paper entitled The Psychical Consequences of the Anatomic Distinction Between the Sexes. Donna Stewart, M.D., a professor and chair of women’s health at the University Health Network, explained, Freud was a man of his times. He was opposed to the women’s emancipation movement and believed that women’s lives were dominated by their sexual reproductive functions. The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is What does a woman want? Freud once mused in  Sigmund Freud: Life and Work  by Ernest Jones. Freud Believed Women Experience Penis Envy Penis envy is the female counterpart to Freud’s concept of castration anxiety. In his theory of psychosexual development, Freud suggested that during the phallic stage (around ages 3 to 5 years) young girls distance themselves from their mothers and instead devote their affections to their fathers. According to Freud, this occurs when a girl realizes that she has no penis. Girls hold their mother responsible for their lack of a penis and do not forgive her for their being thus put at a disadvantage, Freud suggested (1933). While Freud believed that his discovery of the Oedipal complex and related theories such as castration anxiety and penis envy were his greatest accomplishments, these theories are perhaps his most criticized. Female psychoanalysts such as Karen Horney and other feminist thinkers have described his ideas as distorted and condescending. The counterpoint  theory to the Oedipal complex is the Electra complex. Many of Freuds Methods Emerged From His Treatment of Hysteria Freud’s revolutionary talk therapy evolved in part from his work with Bertha Pappenheim, who is known as Anna O. Suffering from what was then referred to as hysteria, she experienced a variety of symptoms that included hallucinations, amnesia, and partial paralysis. During sessions with one of Freud’s colleagues, Joseph Bruer, Pappenheim described her feelings and experiences. This process seemed to alleviate her symptoms, which led her to dub the method the talking cure. Pappenheim went on to become a social worker and made significant contributions to the women’s movement in Germany. Initially, Freud suggested that the causes of hysteria were rooted in childhood sexual abuse. He later abandoned this theory and instead emphasized the role of sexual fantasies in the development of a variety of neuroses and illnesses. His understanding of women was notoriously inadequate, but he did make great steps beyond what was understood about women when he came on the scene. It was very unusual in Freuds time even to acknowledge that women had sexual desire, much less to say that the repression of their sexual desire could make them hysterical, explained historian Peter Gay. Who Were the Women in Freud’s Life? While Freud often claimed that he had little understanding of women, several women played important roles in his personal life. Freud was his mother’s eldest child (his father had two older sons from a previous marriage) and has often been described as her special favorite. I have found that people who know that they are preferred or favored by their mothers give evidence in their lives of a peculiar self-reliance and an unshakable optimism which often bring actual success to their possessors, Freud once commented. Freud’s relationship with his wife, Martha, was very traditional. She was a very good hausfrau (housewife), explained his granddaughter, Sophie Freud. She was very thrifty. And my father would say that his mother would rather poison the whole household than throw food away. Freud was raised with several sisters and later became the father of three sons and three daughters, including Anna Freud, who played a major role in carrying on her father’s work. Important Women in Psychoanalysis While Freud described women as inferior to men, many women were instrumental in the development and advancement of psychoanalysis. The first woman to join Freud’s Vienna Psychoanalytic Society was Helene Deutsch in 1918. She published the first psychoanalytic book on women’s sexuality and wrote extensively on topics such as the psychology of women, female adolescence, and motherhood. The seminal psychoanalyst (and supposedly Carl Jungs one-time lover) Sabina Spielrein also had an important influence on the development of psychoanalysis. She was originally one of Jungs patients. During the early years of the Freud and Jung friendship, the two men spent a considerable amount of time discussing Spielreins case which helped shape many of their views. Spielrein herself is also credited with developing the concept of the death instincts and for introducing psychoanalysis in Russia. Psychoanalyst Karen Horney became one of the first critics of Freud’s views on feminine psychology. ?Melanie Klein  became a prominent member of the psychoanalytic community and developed the technique known as play therapy, which is still widely used today. Additionally, his own daughter, Anna Freud, played a vital role in advancing many of her father’s theories and contributed greatly to child psychoanalysis. Some Opposing Viewpoints Not surprisingly, some important figures in psychology had their own responses to Freuds limited and often offensive take on female psychology. Karen Horney was one such critic, taking on Freuds concept of penis envy and providing her own take on male psychology. Even Freuds own granddaughter would later offer up criticism of her famous relative. Karen Horney:  Freud’s concept of penis envy was criticized in his own time, most notably by psychoanalyst Karen Horney. She suggested that it is men who are adversely affected by their inability to bear children, which she referred to as womb envy. Freuds Response:  Freud responded, although indirectly, writing, We shall not be very greatly surprised if a woman analyst who has not been sufficiently convinced of the intensity of her own wish for a penis also fails to attach proper importance to that factor in her patients (Freud, 1949). According to Freud, Horney’s concept of womb envy emerged as a result of her own supposed penis envy. Sophie Freud:  While Freud’s notions of female sexuality often ran contrary to the patriarchal tendencies of the Victorian era, he was still very much a man of his time. His work is often dismissed as misogynistic and his own granddaughter, Sophie Freud, described his theories as outdated. His ideas grew out of society. He mirrored in his theories the belief that women were secondary and were not the norm and didnt quite measure up to the norm, she explained. Final Thoughts:  Even Freud himself admitted that his understanding of women was limited. That is all I have to say to you about femininity, he wrote in 1933. It is certainly incomplete and fragmentary and does not always sound friendly... If you want to know more about femininity, enquire of your own experiences of life, or turn to poets, or wait until science can give you deeper and more coherent information. Understanding Freuds Views Today Today, many analysts suggest that rather than reject Freud’s theories outright, we should instead focus on developing new views on his original ideas. As one writer said, Freud revised his theories many times as he accumulated new data and reached fresh insights. Contemporary analysts should do no less. Sources:

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Essay About Harm Of Computer Games

Essay About Harm Of Computer Games Games are inevitable in the life of modern people. In the past there were only two kinds of games available to people: outdoor or indoor. But today the interest of youngsters is tied to various video games. Children go mad about those and, unfortunately, some parents don’t pay enough attention to this problem. They are happy to enjoy their free time without any worries considering where their kid is, or what active outdoor game to invent for him. But such behavior can bring about many unhappy results. In order for children to develop, they need to be in motion, to be involved in many different activities. But when playing a video or computer game, neither their muscles, nor intellect is trained. Children can even become addicted to this dangerous activity and will stop communicating with their friends. They will end up alone having no real life, just a virtual one. However, there is a way for children to play some games on computer without any serious harm for their health and development. Parents just have to limit the time of computer usage for kids and allow them to play only those games that are beneficial for development of main skills and intellect. A couple of hours per day will be enough for educational purposes. The kid will learn some new skills and then can go into the street and play some active games or practice the newly-acquired knowledge. To sum up, it is up for parents to decide what is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Napoleon Bonaparte A Powerful Person Of The French...

Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the most powerful person of the French Revolution. Today, many countries world-wide still remember his name because observing his legacy; his name will be forever in the human history. â€Å"Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769, in Ajaccio, Corsica, France. He died in 1821, on the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean. Napoleon was the most distinguished leaders in the history of the West† (â€Å"Napoleon†). According to the article, Napoleon’s dreams were to organize France by creating new reforms to make France more organized with self-regulations. One of the most admirable concepts that he had was his perseverance to reach his achievements to make the changes in France, which were in education, law, and finance. Napoleon’s goals were to establish reforms to organize education, law, finance, and religion. Furthermore, he was well know as a revolutionary military with experience in organization, training, and go od administrators in the government. He decided to develop the following reform, which he considered as a very important basis for the government. Napoleon built many new lycees, schools for boys age 10 to 16. He recognized the importance of education in producing citizens capable of filling positions in his bureaucracy and military. Although he did not create a system of mass education, education was more available to the middle class than it ever had been before. (â€Å"Reforms†). According to the article, this step wasShow MoreRelatedThe French Revolution: Napoleon Essay954 Words   |  4 Pages The French Revolution was a period of social and political turmoil in France from 1789 to 1799 that greatly affected modern and French history. It marked the decline of powerful monarchies and the rise of democracy, individual rights and nationalism. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Write an essay Black Men & Public Space & on Dumpster Diving- Sample

Question: Write an essay of at least three pages comparing and contrasting the rhetorical situations of the two essays? Answer: Just Walk On By: Black Men and Public Space by Brent Staples(p. 394-98) and On Dumpster Diving by Lars Eighner (p. 139-51) The pressure from society to be both accepting and open in nature for being able to progress with true equality is considered to be a wonderful thought. Nonetheless, there are stereotypes that are associated with the different forms of culture, races and gender and these defined perceptions till date leads to injustice on mankind and put forward a hindrance when it comes to a truly equal future. The essay by Brent Staples Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space in this context is an extremely thought provoking read. The purpose of this essay is to showcase how the aspects of racism and unconscious prejudice still exist in the mind of the common man. He talks about his personal experiences and reminiscences about how he dealt with it (Cohen). Staples was born in 1951 and has a PHD in philosophy from University of Chicago and was a journalist by profession. This essay as written for a magazine in the year 1986 (Rich, Smith and Thompson). The speaker in this essay is the author himself as he describes himself as a broad six feet two inches, a large man. Similarly it may be seen that in the essay On Dumpster Divingby Lars Eighner, which is a piece of work from his work Travels with Lizbeth and deals with his experiences of homelessness (Eighner). Unlike Staples, Eighner was a gay erotica writer and also a former assistant ward worker with the Austin state hospital. While in Staples work the author refers to himself in the third person, Eigher uses the first person to talk about his homelessness and his thoughts reading that time period in a personal voice (Aaron and Kuhl). Both pieces of writing takes in social issues and themes and voices them by using the individual frame. The encounters that Brent Staples unfurls in his writing are those that he had with the people around him, who perceived him as a threat as he was a black man. He outlines incidences where women ran away from him in the streets, how he was forcibly asked to leave a jewellery store and also one painful incidence where he was perceived as a burglar, though mistakenly, at his own place of work. The author uses imagery and descriptive writing to recreate the experiences for the reader (DiYanni). Eigner on the other hand, while speaking about his homeless days, reflects on the life that he termed as scavenger and draws a deep analogy of what is considered by the society as trash. He starts with his fascination towards dumpsters and dumpster diving and introduces the readers to this way of life which many would look down upon with contempt (Cohen). Both Staples and Eigner had their essays published in magazines while pointed towards the fact that they wanted their chosen readers to be from a broad category. This included both male and female readers of various different age groups. However, a greater portion of Staples essay reached out to the black audiences since many of them could identify with tier own experiences that was similar to that of Staples and open up a differential point for the White counterparts making them realise how racism and differential treatment made the victimised individuals feel (Peterson, Brereton and Hartman). On the other hand, since Eigner dealt with a social issue that pointed towards hunger, homelessness and the depiction of what would presumably trash for an individual while necessity for another, this reached out to readers irrespective of irrespective of their age, colour or race. In conclusion it may be stated that based on the following analysis of the authors, purpose, and context of Staples and Eigners essays, it can be concluded that although they differ in many ways, they share underlying similarities that make their readers want to become more socially engaged. Even though the two essays were on two different topics, yet they both attempted to make powerful social contribution. While Staples essay outlined racial differences and the evils of the society when it came to how they looked upon individual because of their differences, Eigner outlined how society as a whole looked down upon individual who were different from the others on a socio economic strata and never failed to demarcate their disgust from their rational viewpoint when it came to judging the dumpster divers lowly lifestyle. The main highlight of Eigners essay was to implore the individuals of the society to never give up on their ventures also leaves a message to the society to change the ir views regarding what they think may be discarded as trash. References Aaron, Jane E, and Ellen Kuhl.The Compact Reader. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2011. Print. Cohen, Samuel S.50 Essays. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2007. Print. DiYanni, Robert.Fifty Great Essays. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. Print. Eighner, Lars.Travels With Lizbeth. Print. Peterson, Linda H, John C Brereton, and Joan Hartman.The Norton Reader. New York: Norton, 1996. Print. Rich, Mari, Olivia J Smith, and Clifford Thompson.World Authors, 1985-2000. New York: H.W. Wilson, 2003. Print.