Wednesday, November 27, 2019
The Twenties Modernism Vs Traditionalism. The Twenties Modernism Vs TraditionalismIntroduction This decade (1920-1929) is also known as the 'Roaring Twenties ' and sometimes as the 'Jazz age'. This is a period with a huge number of developments in the United States, first of all, there was the economic boom, and this was a post war effect of the First World War. The decade was graced with a spell of economic prosperity. In the early years of this decade, America realized that they have huge urbanized settings than rural. This was also the time when there was prohibition in the United States causing rise of criminals and criminal families such as Al Capone and the Chicago outfit. During this decade, baseball was the major sport and this was when the immigration act was passed. This is also when women were allowed to vote in the nation and work so there was a rather large number of women in work areas.1 Modernism versus Traditionalism During that decade the generation of youth began behaving differently than was previously seen as the norm. Youths lived in the urban areas and mostly led brush (fast-paced) lives. This new trait that was developing altogether is what is being referred to as modernism now and the traits that were left in order to adopt this new life standard is known as traditionalism. Before modernism, the elders stayed in the rural areas and lead quiet and deliberate lives. In order for us to see both sides of the coin of this argument we should try to understand these two groups of individuals. We must consider this in the light of how they saw each other in what areas and what makes them different. These areas are Urban and Rural, Evolutionist and Creationist, Youthful and Aged, The Alcohol debate (prohibition), The radio and Car effects. URBAN VS RURAL: during this time America was at the peak of urbanization trend that began around fifty2 years earlier and for the first time the nation was seen as more urban than rural. The modernists of this time preferred the fast-paced lifestyle. The time was characterized by a huge influx of population to the cities. The cities offered their thoughts to the traditionalists who were backward people at that time and were against development and that they lived their lives based on very thin margins of thinking and they were not open to change. The traditionalists at the time preferred the quiet life in the countryside and the farms. Generally the rural people had their own opinions about the modernists who lived in the cities; they considered them immoral due to their dressing styles and other character traits and since the modernists were more in the cities and business was prosperous they saw the modernists as people too much into money and materialistic values. EVOLUTIONIST AND CREATIONISTS: The modernists at the time started drifting away from the norm and beliefs of religion. They no more accept the known doctrines that the world was created by a deity which was a strong belief of traditionalists; modernists started becoming more liberal and started accepting explanations that the world, as we know it, was evolved as stated by the biological concept of evolution.3 This concept says that any living creature is bound by time and develop with the passage of time; this means the creatures become better in their later generations. This also caused a major trial4 (the ScopeÃ¢â¬â¢s trial) which happened in 1925 in the state of Tennessee in which a teacher, John Scope was accused of teaching the concept of evolution to his students. The teacher was found guilty but the trial ruling was overturned due to a problem in the prosecutions side. The traditionalists preferred to stick to religion and its doctrines at the time. They stay within the boun daries and teachings of bible and believed that the world was created by God and that evolution was a myth and that the opinion that humans came from monkeys (as dictated by the theory of evolution) is untrue and it should not be taught to students as it is misleading and would derail the generation away from their roots and culture as they literally are considered to be the gospel. Thus traditionalist were against it. YOUTH AND ELDERS/ADULTS: In this period it was the youths that mainly look to the modernist lifestyle. At the time, the youth gave precedence to certain objects that the elders did not see as necessary. Youths loved cars and the fast lives. They court around not to find spouses but just to have fun. Youths also desired life that gave off an air of independence and this they can only find in the cities and urban areas where one had to be a bit unscrupulous in order to get along. The women youth of the time came to be known as flappers due to their dressing habits, they wore short dresses and dyed their hair; this was the fashion at the time. They also wore make up which was not the norm. The elderly at the time are the ones who had the traditionalist aspect in them. They preferred life that gave them a sense of community and security which was mainly found in the rural and farm areas. They saw the youth of the time as being careless and immoral; the traditionalists had a more conserva tive dressing style, a more modest living and even speaking style. Even in the art that the traditionalists preferred it was more modest and subtle. THE ALCOHOL FACTOR: This also falls into the realm of prohibition5 also know as the 'noble experiment'. This was a period in which United States government had banned any activity that involved alcohol in its borders as in the transport, manufacture and sale of alcohol was banned within the United States borders.Ã Now even though this was the situation in the country, alcohol still did play a major role in the modernist vs. traditionalist agenda, after all, alcohol was still available mainly by means of crime lords and families such as that of Al Capone and the Chicago outfit. Modernists saw alcohol as an element that provided personal freedom. This was a complete paradox of what the traditionalists believed: they said that alcohol caused crimes and broke apart families and that where there was no alcohol people were generally happier and healthier. This period caused the aforementioned crime outfits to prosper even though alcohol was later legalized in 1933. EFFECTS OF THE RADIO: In 1923, there was a frenzy about radio and by the end of that year there was close to six hundred radio stations and close to half a million households in the nation possessed radio sets; whereas in 1922, there was less than a hundred thousand sets. Thus, within a short while it seemed as though radio was all everyone was doing because almost all organizations that were worth mentioning had radio stations. This provided a sure quick fire resulted in easy access to information. Spreading ad and promotions becomes easier. In addition to information, radio also provided entertainment. This changed lifestyle preferred by the modernists is what is totally different from the lifestyle followed by traditionalists. Traditionalist think modernist as leaving their norms behind, whereas young traditionalist thinks modernistÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyle as attractive. Thus, it has been said that the Twenties were shaped by a clash of culturesmodernist versus traditional. This was an era shaped by two groups of people different in almost everything, whether it is their thoughts or their dressing style, their religion beliefs or their general lifestyle. Two cultures were coming face to face thus there were clashes plus acceptances. Thus people always give this argument that that time was a time of cultural clash. Ã Bibliography: 1.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Paul Sann, The Lawless Decade(Dover Publication: New York 1970). 2.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬Å"A GODLIKE PRENSENCE Ã¢â¬ : the impact of radios in 1920s and 1930s 3.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Wayne Curtis, Bootleg Paradise (American heritage: may/April 2007). 4.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã John Barth , The Friday Book(G. P. Putnam's Sons:1984). 5.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Carneiro Robert, Evolutionism in Cultural Anthropology: A Critical History(Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 2003).
Saturday, November 23, 2019
6 WARNING Signs Youre Getting Fired Afraid you might lose your job? Are you starting to hide from your boss when you see her coming? Rather than live in fear, why not confront the situation and consider the following 6 warning signs youÃ¢â¬â¢re getting fired? That way you could maybe even do something about it and avoid the inevitable. You could try to turn things around at your current company or start looking for a new job while you still have the safety net of a paycheck. Here are the top 6 warning signs youÃ¢â¬â¢re getting fired:1. Role shiftYour job has changed, and not for the better. If your role suddenly shifts or youÃ¢â¬â¢re moved to a different department without explanation, and that move is lateral- i.e. you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been promoted, then youÃ¢â¬â¢re probably in the danger zone.2. More responsibilities, same payIf youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been given lots more to do, or some more difficult projects, but you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been given a pay bump to go with it, then that probably means youÃ¢â¬â¢re absorbing the work of someone who was laid off- or someone they were planning on hiring but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t, for whatever reason. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s never a good sign to be asked to do more without being compensated. Keep your eyes open from here on out.3. The top dogs are jumping shipIf your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s top performers are bailing and taking jobs elsewhere, then you might do well to follow them. Trust that they best guys know where to go in order to be valued. And ask yourself why youÃ¢â¬â¢re not doing the same.4. Your industry is overOkay, maybe not over, but sort of sinking. Your company may be okay, but your industry is experiencing a bit of a lull or lag. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t get complacent. Start thinking how your skills and position might translate into other fields and donÃ¢â¬â¢t get caught with your pants down.5. Your company has a new strategyThis implies that the old one wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t working so well. Try to avoid becoming associated with that old strategy, or risk getting thrown out along with it.6. Your company relocatesAny time a company moves, they jettison a lot of their extra weight and expensive employees. You could be one casualty of their cost-cutting.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Abkhazia - Essay Example As a means of seeking to define and understand the dynamics of Abkhazia to a more complete degree, this brief analysis will be concentric upon discussing the history of Abkhazia, analyzing whether or not it has any claim to state, or a state within a state for that matter, as well as the particular situation that exists within Abkhazia within the present time. Like so many of the other ethnic groups within the region of the South Caucuses, the ethnic definition of the Ã¢â¬Å"state of AbkhaziaÃ¢â¬ quite literally has a direct connotation to the land of the Ã¢â¬Å"Land of the ApsiansÃ¢â¬ ; the racial and ethnic identifier that the individuals who reside within the bounds of Abkhazia utilize to denote themselves as compared to the Ossetians to the east, Russians to the north and the Georgians and Armenians to the South (Harzl, 2011). Within such an ethnic interpretation of what defines Abkhazia, the reader can quickly come to understand how the conflict which played out in 2008 was ultimately fomented and furthered.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Blog - Essay Example Generally speaking BBC has the responsibility of telecasting news in a genuine manner with accurate news content. It also has the responsibility to enhance creativity and promote skill of future generation in media profession. There are also difference between quality and popular newspaper where the former projects international and national news but will have politically biased content while popular papers are consumed by readers who are minorly educated. Language and layout of quality paper is precise whereas popular paper gives news in fancy layout and less authentic language. It could be said that the quality of journalism has increased due to the arrival of social media. The diversity of news broadcasting also has increased with the incoming of social media. Moreover users can research their news related and also can broadcast through blogs and updates in social networking sites. However it is sad that in my home country government does censor the press and regulate news which is
Sunday, November 17, 2019
The Madding Crowd Essay Obsession is prevalent as a theme in Far from the Madding Crowd. Obsession carries the plot and creates action between the characters. In this essay, I will examine how the characters advance the plot through their obsessive behaviour towards each other. Far from the Madding Crowd is by Thomas Hardy and was first published in a series in the Cornhill Magazine in 1873. This can be seen by the large amount of short chapters, often with titles that make the reader wonder what the chapter contains, such as Ã¢â¬ËThe Following March Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"Bathsheba BoldwoodÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢. It can also be seen in the cliff-hangers they often end with, encouraging the reader to buy the next magazine to read it. The title comes from Ã¢â¬ËElegy Written in a Country ChurchyardÃ¢â¬â¢ a poem by Thomas Gray, a favourite of HardyÃ¢â¬â¢s poets. The complete line seventy-three reads: Ã¢â¬ËFar from the madding crowdÃ¢â¬â¢s ignoble strifeÃ¢â¬â¢, describing how life in towns is full of petty conflicts, whereas life in the countryside is more simple and therefore, better. Although the novel does often describe the beauty of the countryside, a part of England Hardy believed to be disappearing because of the industrial revolution, it may also be ironic, because the emotional turmoil, often caused by obsession, that the main characters go through is certainly not calm. The novel starts with Oak as he sees Ã¢â¬Ëan ornamental spring waggonÃ¢â¬â¢ with Bathsheba inside. She unwraps a Ã¢â¬Ësmall swing looking-glassÃ¢â¬â¢ and gazes at herself, without showing any Ã¢â¬Ënecessity whateverÃ¢â¬â¢ for looking. Oak comments that Ã¢â¬Ëthe greatest of [her faults]Ã¢â¬â¢ is she is obsessed with her own beauty. This vanity is continued for the majority of the book. An example of this is when Bathsheba has learnt sheep Ã¢â¬Ëhave broken fenceÃ¢â¬â¢ and eaten young clover. Hardy mentions that she was wearing a Ã¢â¬Ërather dashing velvet dressÃ¢â¬â¢, which was Ã¢â¬Ëcarefully put on before a glassÃ¢â¬â¢. It is this negative characteristic of Bathsheba which will cause her such misfortune later in the novel. BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s obsession with herself drives her to Ã¢â¬Ëdirect [a] missive to BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢. This is because she feels piqued after Liddy tells he Ã¢â¬ËdidnÃ¢â¬â¢t turn his headÃ¢â¬â¢ in church that day, despite Ã¢â¬Ëhis pew [being] exactly opposite [BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s]Ã¢â¬â¢. BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ënervous excitabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ about the fact that someone may want to marry him makes him first obsessed with finding the writer of the note, and then Bathsheba herself. This is reflected in the sunrise described the day after Boldwood receives the valentine. It symbolizes a strong new feeling in Boldwood of love, which Hardy likens to Ã¢â¬Ëa red and flameless fireÃ¢â¬â¢. The more she tells him she has Ã¢â¬Ënot fallen in love withÃ¢â¬â¢ him, the more he desires her. His true Ã¢â¬Ëmental derangementÃ¢â¬â¢ is revealed towards the end of the novel, when an Ã¢â¬Ëextraordinary collectionÃ¢â¬â¢ of packages is found, Ã¢â¬Ëlabelled Ã¢â¬Å"Bathsheba BoldwoodÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢. BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s character shows obsession, in his case with Bathsheba, to be unhealthy and a trait of a crazed person. BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s infatuation with Troy is another important obsession in Far from the Madding Crowd. Her name also hints at her potentiality to be tempted, the Bathsheba in the Bible being tempted to commit adultery by David. She confesses her feelings to Liddy, telling her she loves Troy Ã¢â¬Ëto very distractions and misery and agonyÃ¢â¬â¢. However, Hardy describes Troy as Ã¢â¬Ëmoderately truthful towards men but to women lied like a CretanÃ¢â¬â¢. Therefore the reader knows the relationship is doomed from the start, being built on untruthfulness and obsession. This is hinted at through the song that Bathsheba sings before Troy comes to Weatherbury: On the banks of Allan Water. It tells of a soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s love of a millerÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter, which is found to be untrue. Like the soldier in the song, TroyÃ¢â¬â¢s love is false too. After marrying Bathsheba, Troy develops an obsession with gambling. Although the one obsession that does not move the plot along, it instead shows the mistake that Bathsheba made by giving in to her obsession to marry him. She calls their marriage a Ã¢â¬ËmistakeÃ¢â¬â¢ and laments that her once Ã¢â¬Ëindependent and spiritedÃ¢â¬â¢ self has Ã¢â¬Ëcome to thisÃ¢â¬â¢. The start of the chapter takes place on Ã¢â¬ËYalbury HillÃ¢â¬â¢, a Ã¢â¬Ësteep long ascentÃ¢â¬â¢. This may denote the uphill struggle the couple were going through at that point. TroyÃ¢â¬â¢s shallow nature is also shown through is lack of care for Fanny, the girl who Troy breaks promise with to marry despite impregnating her. He does not want her when she is alive, but is obsessed with her when she is dead. His lack of care is shown when Fanny asks him Ã¢â¬Ëwhen shall [they] be marriedÃ¢â¬â¢, and after she is gone, Troy and his fellow soldiers mock her with a Ã¢â¬Ëlow peal of laughterÃ¢â¬â¢, demonstrating his disregard for FannyÃ¢â¬â¢s wants. This is shown by Fanny being described as a Ã¢â¬Ëlittle spotÃ¢â¬â¢; a mild annoyance to Troy. Troy is shown to be insensitive, Hardy often referring to him as Ã¢â¬Ëthe wallÃ¢â¬â¢ rather than Ã¢â¬ËTroyÃ¢â¬â¢ when he speaks. The wall is described as being blacker Ã¢â¬Ëthan the skyÃ¢â¬â¢. Hardy compares him to the wall to show the reader he is a Ã¢â¬Ëbad, black-hearted manÃ¢â¬â¢, which Troy admits to, much later in the novel. In comparison, when Troy sees FannyÃ¢â¬â¢s corpse for the first time, he feels an Ã¢â¬Ëindefinable union of remorse and reverenceÃ¢â¬â¢ and declares she is his Ã¢â¬Ëvery, very wifeÃ¢â¬â¢. His full obsession is shown the next day, when he is told to be Ã¢â¬Ëalmost oblivious ofÃ¢â¬â¢ Bathsheba and to not think Ã¢â¬Ëthere was any element of absurdityÃ¢â¬â¢ in spending the whole day tending to FannyÃ¢â¬â¢s grave. Like Boldwood, his obsession has caused him to become temporally mentally deranged. The consequences of the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ obsessions come to a climax in Chapter 53. BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s and TroyÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviours result in tragic fates, Boldwood having Ã¢â¬ËcockedÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËdischargedÃ¢â¬â¢ a gun at Troy, while Boldwood being sentenced to Ã¢â¬Ëlife imprisonmentÃ¢â¬â¢ after being shown to not be Ã¢â¬Ëmorally responsibleÃ¢â¬â¢ for his actions. Their fortunes are because of their dangerous obsessions with women they cannot have: Boldwood with Bathsheba who does not love him and Troy with Fanny after she has died. The results of giving into obsessions are reflected in the natural events which occur throughout the novel. An example of this is when BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s flock Ã¢â¬Ë[get] into a field of young cloverÃ¢â¬â¢. Here, they are giving into their impulses, before paying the consequences by Ã¢â¬Ëgetting blastedÃ¢â¬â¢: being so bloated their stomachs expand which causes death. This is a mirroring of BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to give in to her obsession and marry Troy, despite Gabriel OakÃ¢â¬â¢s heeding. Later in the novel, we see the disastrous consequences. Throughout the novel, the only character that remains above these obsessions is Gabriel Oak. Hardy illustrates this through his name: Gabriel, an angel, often said to be the spirit of truth, and Oak, a strong and sturdy tree, not often affected by weather around it. After Bathsheba tells Oak she Ã¢â¬Ë[does] not love [him]Ã¢â¬â¢, he resolves to Ã¢â¬Ëgive his days and nightsÃ¢â¬â¢ to Ecclesiastes. Ecclesiastes states that Ã¢â¬Ëeverything is meaninglessÃ¢â¬â¢, and this belief that Gabriel takes on is shown in his ability to move on quickly from distressing events. For example, when Bathsheba demands him to leave her farm. In this situation, Oak does not protest but says Ã¢â¬ËcalmlyÃ¢â¬â¢: Ã¢â¬ËVery wellÃ¢â¬â¢. It may be argued that Oak is obsessed with Bathsheba because he loves her strongly. Hardy describes OakÃ¢â¬â¢s desire of Bathsheba as a Ã¢â¬Ëbeautiful threadÃ¢â¬â¢ that he did not want to break, rather than a Ã¢â¬ËchainÃ¢â¬â¢ which was impossible to. However, his ability to control his desires separates him from BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s obsessive behaviour. This is shown when Bathsheba finally gives in to BoldwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s harassing and agrees to Ã¢â¬Ëmarry [Boldwood] in six yearsÃ¢â¬â¢, despite Ã¢â¬Ëburst[ing] out cryingÃ¢â¬â¢. Here, Boldwood lets his obsessive love of Bathsheba stop her from being happy, whereas Oak would rather Bathsheba was happy without him rather than her being unhappy and with him. Because of this, he is rewarded by having a Ã¢â¬Ëprivate, secret, plainest weddingÃ¢â¬â¢ with Bathsheba. BathshebaÃ¢â¬â¢s character also changes. This is epitomized at the end of the book, when Ã¢â¬ËBathsheba [smiles]Ã¢â¬â¢ rather than Ã¢â¬Ëlaughed readilyÃ¢â¬â¢ at one of the villagerÃ¢â¬â¢s jokes. This shows she has learnt from her experiences that it is not a good idea to get carried away with your emotions, fuelled by obsession. So to conclude, obsession can be found throughout Far from the Madding Crowd, in the characters, the plot and even the landscape. It is a main cause of the drama in the story by impelling the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s conflicts. Obsession is an essential theme in Far from the Madding Crowd.
Friday, November 15, 2019
People are heroes in different ways for different reasons. American soldiers are heroes because they fight boldly for their country. Corrie Ten Boom is also a hero because she took risks and saved hundreds of Jews. Abraham Lincoln is another example of a hero because he fought for what he thought was right and helped free all slaves. Similarly, Odysseus, the main character in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s epic poem The Odyssey, possesses all of these characteristics and many more, making him a true epic hero. First of all, Odysseus is brave and courageous, giving him the initiative to fulfill his goals. One example is when Odysseus confronts Skylla. Odysseus purposely Ã¢â¬Å"made [his] way along to the foredeckÃ¢â¬âthinking to see her first from thereÃ¢â¬ (Homer 217). If he was scared, he would have hidden underneath the deck. But instead, Odysseus goes out to face the beast. Odysseus knows that Skylla is immortal and cannot die, yet he is brave enough to confront her. Next, Odysseus fights the suitors, who are courting Penelope in his palace. The suitors greatly outnumber Odysseus, but Odysseus still chooses to fight even though the odds are against him and he is able to win. He stands up against those who do wrong. Having the courage to fight, Odysseus defeats the suitors and fulfills his goal of regaining his palace. If Odysseus was a coward and did not fight, then the suitors would have eventually won Penelope, resulting in Odysseus losing his palace and his wife. Ma ny people have bravery and courage, but not many use it, as Odysseus does, to achieve their purpose. Secondly, Odysseus has great self-control, which allows him to deeply contemplate his decisions. Moments before Odysseus falls asleep, he spots a Ã¢â¬Å"covey of women laughing as they [slip] outÃ¢â¬ ¦to the suitorsÃ¢â¬â¢ bedsÃ¢â¬ (Homer 375). Seeing this, Odysseus is angered and wants to kill every one of the suitors right then and there. But Odysseus retains his self-control and does not strike yet. At that moment, if he did strike, he would have lost because he would not have been prepared. He retains all his anger for the final battle with the suitors. In that battle, Odysseus is fully prepared and ready to fight, resulting in all the suitorsÃ¢â¬â¢ deaths. Next, when Antinoos throws a footstool at Odysseus, Ã¢â¬Å"Odysseus only [shakes] his head, containing thoughts of bloody workÃ¢â¬ (Homer 326).
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Lynn Dumenil's account of the era commonly referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"roaring twentiesÃ¢â¬ in The Modern Temper: American Culture and Society in the 1920s there is an intentional emphasis placed on the effort to dispel the popular notion that the new, revolutionary transformations in culture and society that took place at this time in history were direct results of the First World War.In the stead of this less insightful means of analyzing the 1920's in America by assuming that the post war era was a direct creation and consequence from the war, the author offers the suggestion that the seeds of the twenties were planted much earlier during the industrial revolution and through the effects of a culture Ã¢â¬ ¦ Showed first 120 words of 1136 Size (words) Ã¢â¬ ¦ Continuing with another 115 out of 1136 Size (words) Ã¢â¬ ¦ are aspects to this period that I feel this particular text does not give proper acknowledgement to.Dumenil does a good job of showing the prevailing winds of the time and analyzing the forces that pushed society forward into what it is today; however, little is said about the opposing forces that tried to collectively pull back the reigns of capitalism, secularism, and urbanization. These forces, which came in the form of the Industrial Workers of the World, William Jennings Bryan, and many others who attempted to retain the Victorian way of life also played an instrumental role in shaping society through their broad range of dissent from the path of urbanizationWhen most of us take a backward glance at the 1920s, we may think of prohibition and the jazz age, of movies stars and flappers, of Harold Lloyd and Mary Pick ford, of Lindbergh and HooverÃ¢â¬âand of Black Friday, October 29, 1929, when the plunging stock market ushered in the great depression. But the 1920s were much more. Lynn Dumenil brings a fresh interpretation to a dramatic, important, and misunderstood decade.As her lively work makes clear, changing values brought an end to the repressive Victorian era; urban liberalism emerged; the federal bureaucracy was expanded; pluralism became increasingly important to America's heterogeneous society; and different religious, ethnic, and cultural groups encountered the homogenizing force of a powerful mass-consumer culture. The Modern Temper brings these many developments into sharp focus. Praise Ã¢â¬Å"The Modern Temper is an engaging, stimulating, and thoughtful re-creation of one of our most interesting and complex decades.Ã¢â¬ Lynn Dumenil's The Modern Temper provides an exciting and original synthesis of a crucial decade that few of us really understand. She makes the insights and confusions of the women and the men of the twenties come alive. This is an important book. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬âEllen Dubois, University of California at Los Angeles Ã¢â¬Å"Dumenil offers wealth of fresh insights on a fascinating decade. This illuminating study subtly recasts our understanding of an era whose tensions and stresses oft en uncannily parallel those of our own day. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬âPaul Boyer, University of WisconsinSynopsis: when most of us take a backward glance at the 1920s, we may think of prohibition and the jazz age, of movies stars and flappers, of Harold Lloyd and Mary Pick ford, of Lindbergh and HooverÃ¢â¬âand of Black Friday, October 29, 1929, when the plunging stock market ushered in the great depression. But the 1920s were much more. Lynn Dumenil brings a fresh interpretation to a dramatic, important, and misunderstood decade. As her lively work makes clear, changing values brought an end to the repressive Victorian era; urban liberalism emerged; the federal bureaucracy was expanded; pluralism became increasingly important to America'sheterogeneous society; and different religious, ethnic, and cultural groups encountered the homogenizing force of a powerful mass-consumer culture. The Modern Temper brings these many developments into sharp focus. Turning to the flip side of the '20s' flap per image, Dumenil looks at the darker side of the decade forming the Ã¢â¬Å"central motifs that have shaped the modern American temper. Ã¢â¬ Between the end of WWI and the stock market crash, the aura of get-rich-quick prosperity overshadowed tensions resulting from the highly skewed distribution of wealth.The unfettered capitalism of the time is reflected by Calvin Coolidge, who said, Ã¢â¬Å"the man who builds a factory builds a temple. The man, who works there, worships there. Ã¢â¬ In 1920, for the first time, half the U. S. population lived in cities. While life grew more organized, complex and sexually liberated, the reaction increased, too. Capitalists fanned a Red Scare following the 1919 Bolshevik Revolution, forcing American reformers to confront this inflated fear along with homegrown poverty and racism.Dumenil points to the mass consumer culture, corporate mentality, job structure that eroded individual autonomy, assembly lines, intense special-interest lobbying in Washington and the fusion of sexuality with consumption as among the decade's legacies to later American culture. Readers may wish that Dumenil spent more time on countervailing radical forces (Rand School of Social Science; Scott Nearing; Max Eastman's The Masses; Industrial Workers of the World, the IWW) that contributed to the ferment of this formative era.Even so, she has captured the fire of this volcanic time and weaves together scores of social and political threads into an insightful overview. American culture in the 1920,s and beyond has had a great significance up to date. The culture invented in those days is still in place and most people and groups still practice and keep the souvenirs so that they can pass from one generation to another. Religious influence is also to be seen in situations where new migrants have made residential decisions. polarizations of ethnic religious groups in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s to present day America the major division is that of protestants and Catholics.Social interaction within the city is often on the basis of these broad religious groupings which can over ride ethnic divisions. For example, the Dutch immigrant community is more likely to mix the Swedish immigrant community than with Italian because of religious affiliations. The third major religious group is that of the Jewish community and has a strong sense of territory and strong social processes internal to the community but with relative loose connection with other communities. Agricultural practices where practiced by farmers in rural areas.Most farmers began to drift from the highlands and into the lowland alluvial plains. They had been attracted by the greater agricultural fertility of the soil but what is certain is that the move led to profound changes in agrarian practice. Most farmers favored as an independent originator of agriculture, appears the most prolific. Among the crops which first emerged in the Americas where maize, potatoes, manioc, cacao, squ ash and tobacco, and among the animals where the llama, the turkey, and the guinea pig.Industrial revolution was latter invented which affected agriculture, transport, social organizations and urbanization. In fact there were few facet of life left untouched by them. in addition to this, it maybe argued that the changes which took place during the period conventionally recognized as that of industrial revolution had the origin sometimes many centuries earlier. In that sense the period was not one of revolution, but one in which there was a marked quickening of the processes already begun and underway. But few would deny that the industrial revolution marks one of the major transformations in history.it is important in this context because as well as its social and economic impact, it had profound geographical consequences. The social structure or political opinion of neighborhood influences the individual voting decisions. the neighborhood effect is similar to a diffusion process in that political attitudes spread within a district in several cities in U. S. A individuals of relatively low socio-economic class living in middle class neighborhoods are less likely to vote democratic (the traditional party of lower class voters ) than if they live in a lower class neighborhood.The individuals are affected in their voting behavior by the information and political environment of their area of residence. The degree of this influence is termed the neighborhood effect The process underlying the neighborhood effect depends on the probability of contacts of the voter with someone who will provide political information. This probability of contacts depends not only on social groupings in the neighborhood. Lynn dumenillÃ¢â¬â¢s account on all this issues is discussed in dept and formed the core values of the American culture.although a lot as borrowed from the past years and history the incorporation of it in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s made a strong cultural impact and the Americ ans also tend to keep their culture but due to intermarriages and new inhabitants heading to America. Most people doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t follow or know their past culture well unless they read from books References: Richard Marchand, 1985. Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920-1940. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
How does Mrs Cheung think? What does she believe in when it comes to building her business? It is interesting to read how NPD gained itsÃ¢â¬â¢ success through the waste or trash of the United States and Europe. I think this is right in line with how Mrs Cheung thinks; she wants to be ahead of all her competitors and gain every competitive advantage possible. By utilizing the paper waste of higher quality products in the US and Europe, she was able to bring this quality back to China where it was non-existent. As you can see in the reading as well, Mrs Cheung believes in rapid expansion to maximize revenue opportunity and that long term profits will come from taking on a lot of debt. But even as she said when speaking about the economic crisis: Ã¢â¬Å"Now the waves are so big, even some rocks are being washed away.Ã¢â¬ The economic crisis of 2008 did not only affect the small companies, but also the large and profitable ones like Nine Paper Dragons. How would you summarize the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial status? How does it reflect the business development goals and strategies employed by Mrs Cheung? I would summarize the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial status as struggling at the point this article was written. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s unsecured notes were rated as BBB- in April, 2008 and downgraded even lower to BB+ in October of 2008. On top of that, even though the company had a successful IPO in March of 2006, the debt accumulated after this IPO really hurt the company when the financial crisis hit in 2008. This demonstrates Mrs CheungÃ¢â¬â¢s vision to take chances and be the market trend setter for her industry. It appeared though that she spread herself too thin through expansion and also through the large amount of debt she accumulated. Is NDP in trouble? How would you answer differ if you were an existing shareholder, potential investor, or analyst? Yes NDP is in trouble, In September 2007 NDP was at the peak of record share price HK$26.But in 2008 the share price of NDP started falling down and the company also announced they would delay of Rmb1.5 billion for the next 2009 fiscal year and they predicted the paperboard market would rebound but nothing great happen according to the market and they also said they would prepay $100 million of an existing $350 million. But according to the rating agencies the company market health is weak and being an existing shareholder, investor, or an analyst I would go with the rating agencies because they are expert in the share market and on the other hand the company itself issued profit warning, sales, profit forecast downward. And since company has an $350 million loan out which company said they would prepay $100 million to the bank and still on the balance amount the interest would keep on increasing and it means the debt of the company is increasing and even many bankÃ¢â¬â¢s have stopped answering there calls. As said by morgan Stanley the company earnings growth is based on expansion plans if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t expand it will effect the company target and growth.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Zoo Paper essays On my visit to the Zoo their were many interesting animals that grabbed my attention. The first animal was the Black Necked Swan which is also known by its scientific name Cygnus Melan Coryphus. This bird appeared to be very comfortable in its new environment at the Zoo. Their were two of these magnificent birds for me to observe. Both of them had snow white bottoms, with dark black necks and a red orange colored bill. The male swan is known as a cob and the female a pen, the males are usually a bit larger than the females. The areas of origin are in open lakes and marsh lands in the Southern parts of South America, including Chile, Argentina, and Falkland Islands. The black necked swan feeds on Aquatic plants in the zoo, and as wild swan they typically feed on vegetation, insects, and fish spawn. The black necked swan is not in any danger of being extinct. The swans seem to some how stay close to each other and their behavior was calm. I find the black neck on the swan to be very i nteresting, I had never known of a black necked swan until my recent visit to the zoo. The swans neck was very long it seems at times to wrap around the bottom of its body, as it dives its head into the pond. I think that the black necked swan is a must see bird. The gracefulness and common behavior makes it one of my top birds to purchase and put into a private pond. The multi color of this bird gives it a very complex, but different style that sets it in a class of its own. According to research these birds rarely are on land they are known to say in water, maybe this is some sort of instinct, which allows them to stay out of harms way. What ever the case, I hope these birds survive a long time so that others can view them as I did. The zebra is one of the most distinctive looking animals in the world, also known by its scientific name Equus burchelli bohmi. The zebra can usually be found in the grass lands and lightly wooded areas of eastern A...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Spelling Tips The Y to I Rule Spelling Tips: The Y to I Rule When a word ends in a vowel plus Ã¢â¬Å"-y,Ã¢â¬ itÃ¢â¬â¢s usually straightforward to modify it by adding a letter (or letters); adding Ã¢â¬Å"-ous,Ã¢â¬ for example, means Ã¢â¬Å"joyÃ¢â¬ becomes Ã¢â¬Å"joyous.Ã¢â¬ However, when a word ends in a consonant plus Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ things get more complicated, which can make spelling challenging. To ensure your written work is error-free, it helps to keep the y to i rule in mind. The Y to I Rule The basic rule is, for any word that ends in a consonant plus Ã¢â¬Å"-y,Ã¢â¬ change the Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"iÃ¢â¬ if adding a suffix or forming a plural. Plurals For plurals, simply change the Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ to an Ã¢â¬Å"-iesÃ¢â¬ : Singular Plural Story Stories Candy Candies Hippy Hippies First-Person Singular Past Tense Verbs Forming the first-person singular of a verb ending in a consonant plus Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ requires changing the Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"-ies,Ã¢â¬ while the past tense involves switching Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"-iedÃ¢â¬ : Verb First-Person Singular Past Tense Fry Fries Fried Apply Applies Applied Beautify Beautifies Beautified Comparatives Superlatives When an adjective ends in a consonant plus Ã¢â¬Å"-y,Ã¢â¬ forming a comparative or superlative involves changing the Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"-ierÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"-iestÃ¢â¬ respectively: Adjective Comparative Superlative Tiny Tinier Tiniest Jumpy Jumpier Jumpiest Thirsty Thirstier Thirstiest Forming Adverbs Modifying an adjective to make an adverb involves substituting the Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"-ilyÃ¢â¬ : Adjective Adverb Happy Happily Lazy Lazily Flimsy Flimsily Exceptions The Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ -to-Ã¢â¬Å"iÃ¢â¬ rule doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t always work; some variations of Ã¢â¬Å"sly,Ã¢â¬ for example, can be spelled with either a Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ or an Ã¢â¬Å"iÃ¢â¬ (e.g., Ã¢â¬Å"slyest/sliestÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"slyer/slierÃ¢â¬ ). Moreover, while changing Ã¢â¬Å"yÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"iÃ¢â¬ isnÃ¢â¬â¢t typically necessary when a word ends with a vowel plus Ã¢â¬Å"-y,Ã¢â¬ there are exceptions here too (such as modifying Ã¢â¬Å"dayÃ¢â¬ to become Ã¢â¬Å"dailyÃ¢â¬ ). As such, although the y to i rule is a good guideline, itÃ¢â¬â¢s still important to double-check words if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure theyÃ¢â¬â¢re spelled correctly.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Reflection Paper - Essay Example Art is not something which stays stable but it evolves through time by being influence by everything. Technology is changing drastically over the years due to which art has successfully evolved into a whole new different vision. Now paintings are not just considered to be some creative and modernized images but are also created by the painters by taking the help of modern equipment and material. Though art has been there from the beginning as evidenced by the vestiges of the past but still the technology has made the use of new equipment possible and has provided it a whole new medium. The option of digital art allows people to work with images and colors and create masterpieces, without even having professional training. Other technological changes that have occurred in art during the last few decades include invention of colors spectrum, photography, computer manipulated photography, digital media, etc. (Souppouris, 2014). Graphic designing has become easier for the artists and can be carried out through Photoshop and illustrators, which has opened up a whole new realm for them for concentrating i.e. Web Design. It has also developed a great opportunity for the amateur designers as they do not have to learn much about manual typography and screen printing. Digital art such as ArtRage, Painter and Photoshop allows people to paint without even using an actual brush. In a way this technology improves the painting skills of the individual, as it is faster than working with oil, the painting can be easily discarded and this is much easier than using canvas (Pitt, 2012). American culture has always been the supporter of art even during the depression decade; the Washington State was seen as the home of the national art history, hosting some of the most creative and innovative musical, theatre and performing art (Zimmermann, 2013). For example it was during the darkest days of the great depression when
Friday, November 1, 2019
BHS 499 (Senior Capstone Project) Module 4 CBT - Essay Example y aging of present qualified nursing faculty; ineffective and diluted role expectations of some nursing faculty due to tremendous role-related stress and high faculty workload; lack of salary competitiveness in the clinical setting; nursing faculty members are not motivated to prepare for doctoral programs and too few applicants are willing to teach clinical courses at the same time conduct research, which are both essential roles in academic arena (Starnes-Ott & Kremer, 2007). Are there any solutions to the above-mentioned problems? Are some of the solutions already implemented? Or are the implemented programs for it working? These are some of the questions which require honest evaluations and can be answered by the facts below. Hospitals and other related agencies have fortunately identified significant elements crucial to the health as well as well being in work environment of a nurse, at the same time, the security and safety of the health care delivery system. According to Buerhaus, Donelan, Ulrich, Norman, & Dittus (2008), the said elements were identified based on the 2002 and 2004 surveys conducted and further disclosed that there are several positive changes in the work environment of nurses that have occurred and resulted in decreased overtime and stress, heightened job and career satisfaction and has improved relationships among nurses. Moreover, to arrive at the optimum approach to attain a healthy work environment basically depend on the employment setting, available resources, size, and the commitment of administration. Lovell (2006) rationalized that Ã¢â¬Å"overworkingÃ¢â¬ pushes nurses out of their workplace to other health care settings this do not address the continuing concerns on wages and working conditions of nurse workforce. Cited by Lovell (2006), research published in peer-reviewed journals, workforce analyses, and other professional publications have confirmed that the crucial role played by wages in additional nurse labor supply. The